Rhinoplasty, or surgery to reshape the nose, is one of the most common of all plastic surgery procedures. Rhinoplasty can reduce or increase the size of your nose, change the shape of the tip or the bridge, narrow the span of the nostrils, or change the angle between your nose and your upper lip. It may also correct a birth defect or injury, or help relieve some breathing problems.
The Best Candidates For Rhinoplasty
The best candidates for rhinoplasty are people who are looking for improvement, not perfection, in the way they look. If you’re physically healthy, psychologically stable, and realistic in your expectations, you may be a good candidate.
Rhinoplasty can be performed to meet aesthetic goals or for reconstructive purposes-to correct birth defects or breathing problems.
Age may also be a consideration. Many surgeons prefer not to operate on teenagers until after they’ve completed their growth spurt-around 14 or 15 for girls, a bit later for boys. It’s important to consider teenagers’ social and emotional adjustment, too, and to make sure it’s what they, and not their parents, really want.
Planning Your Surgery
Good communication between you and your physician is essential. In your initial consultation, the surgeon will ask what you’d like your nose to look like, evaluate the structure of your nose and face, and discuss the possibilities with you. He or she will also explain the factors that can influence the procedure and the results. These factors include the structure of your nasal bones and cartilage, the shape of your face, the thickness of your skin, your age, and your expectations.
Your surgeon will also explain the techniques and anesthesia he or she will use, the type of facility where the surgery will be performed, the risks and costs involved, and any options you may have.
Be sure to tell your surgeon if you’ve had any previous nose surgery or an injury to your nose, even if it was many years ago. You should also inform your surgeon if you have any allergies or breathing difficulties; if you’re taking any medications, vitamins, or recreational drugs; and if you smoke.
Rhinoplasty usually takes an hour or two, though complicated procedures may take longer. During surgery the skin of the nose is separated from its supporting framework of bone and cartilage, which is then sculpted to the desired shape. The nature of the sculpting will depend on your problem and your surgeon’s preferred technique. Finally, the skin is redraped over the new framework.
When the surgery is complete, a splint will be applied to help your nose maintain its new shape. Nasal packs or soft plastic splints also may be placed in your nostrils to stabilize the septum, the dividing wall between the air passages.
All Surgery Carries Some Uncertainty And Risk
When rhinoplasty is performed by a qualified plastic surgeon, complications are infrequent and usually minor. Nevertheless, there is always a possibility of complications, including infection, nosebleed, or a reaction to the anesthesia. You can reduce your risks by closely following your surgeon’s instructions both before and after surgery.
Side Effects Of Rhinoplasty
After surgery, small burst blood vessels may appear as tiny red spots on the skin’s surface; these are usually minor but may be permanent. As for scarring, when rhinoplasty is performed from inside the nose, there is no visible scarring at all; when an “open” technique is used, or when the procedure calls for the narrowing of flared nostrils, the small scars on the base of the nose are usually not visible.
Before surgery, these rhinoplasty patients have large, slightly hanging noses, with a hump and an enlarged tip.
If your nostrils are too wide, the surgeon can remove small wedges of skin form their base, bringing them closer together.
Incisions are made inside the nostrils or at the base of the nose, providing access to the cartilage and bone, which can then be sculpted into shape.
The surgeon removes the hump using a chisel or a rasp, then brings the nasal bones together to form a narrower bridge. Cartilage is trimmed to reshape the tip of the nose.
Trimming the septum improves the angle between the nose and upper lip.
A splint made of tape and an overlay of plastic, metal, or plaster is applied to help the bone and cartilage of the nose maintain their new shape.
After surgery, the patient has a smaller nose, a straighter bridge, a well defined nasal tip, and an improved angle between the nose and upper lip.
Recovery From Rhinoplasty
After surgery-particularly during the first twenty-four hours-your face will feel puffy, your nose may ache, and you may have a dull headache. You can control any discomfort with the pain medication prescribed by your surgeon. Plan on staying in bed with your head elevated for the first day.
You’ll notice that the swelling and bruising around your eyes will increase at first, reaching a peak after two or three days. Applying cold compresses will reduce this swelling and make you feel a bit better. In any case, you’ll feel a lot better than you look. Most of the swelling and bruising should disappear within two weeks or so.
If you have nasal packing, it will be removed after a few days and you’ll feel much more comfortable. By the end of one or, occasionally, two weeks, all dressings, splints, and stitches should be removed.
In the days following surgery, when your face is bruised and swollen, it’s easy to forget that you will be looking better. In fact, many patients feel depressed for a while after plastic surgery-it’s quite normal and understandable.
Rest assured that this stage will pass. Day by day, your nose will begin to look better and your spirits will improve. Within a week or two, you’ll no longer look as if you’ve just had surgery.
Still, healing is a slow and gradual process. Some subtle swelling may be present for months, especially in the tip. The final results of rhinoplasty may not be apparent for a year or more.
For rhinoplasty in Glendale California contact board certified plastic surgeon Dr. Saul Berger. You can a schedule a consultation by calling 818.245.6101, or by filling out our online contact form.
Content courtesy of PlasticSurgery.org
A rhinoplasty can be done for either cosmetic or functional (medical) reasons. Insurance companies may cover the functional category, if there are problems with breathing or changes in the nose from injury or damage. For cosmetic issues, such as removing a bump or narrowing a wide nose, patients are expected to pay out of pocket.
For the first few days after surgery, it is not uncommon to experience mild swelling or bruising. This will generally resolve after the first week. Although the cosmetic improvements in the nose can be seen right away, the results will slowly change over months as the swelling goes away gradually, and the tissues settle.
There are multiple ways to perform rhinoplasty and change the nasal appearance. Generally, there are two main categories of rhinoplasty: “open” and “closed.” The closed approach will not leave visible scars on the outside of the nose, but may limit the exposure that the surgeon has to the structures being adjusted. The open approach will leave a scar, but allows the surgeon to visualize and adjust structures most directly. The scar, however, may be so subtle in appearance so as to be undetectable. There is no “right” or “wrong” approach, and both methods can achieve excellent results.
On the young end of the spectrum, patients must be at least old enough to have completed their skeletal growth. This is usually achieved by the age of 16 years in females, and 18 years in males. For older individuals, there is no cutoff per se. Although most of our patients tend to be younger, older patients can be excellent candidates for rhinoplasty, which can make them appear better and younger.
Many factors can affect your results, most of which are related to the conditions of the nose tissues. Having a history of previous nose surgery with scarring, an old nasal injury, or poor-quality tissues, for example, can make the surgery more difficult or limit the results. Young patients with good tissues who have never had previous surgery of the nose or an injury often are the best candidates.